In the face of Nigeria’s ugly power crisis, it has dawned on Nigerians that the way forward is through sustainable innovations. A Nigeria scientist, Ejikeme P. Nwosu, and his team of researchers have developed an equipment that allows us to generate power using urine.
This equipment converts urine into flammable gases, biomethane and hydrogen-rich gases, with 100% indigenous technological inputs. Biomethane is a 100% renewable energy source produced by the natural breakdown of organic wastes, for example; green waste, household waste, agricultural waste, food industry waste and even industrial waste.
Nwosu explained that these gases can be used to run a gas turbine generator to give the nation over 11,250 megawatts hours of electricity effectively. He said that the urine can be obtained from Cattle, Goats and Sheep through large-scale animal farmers especially in the Northern part of the country.
“According to 2011 National Agricultural Sample Survey, Nigeria was endowed with an estimated 19.5 million cattle, 72.5 million goats, 41.3 million sheep, 7.1 million pigs and 28,000 camels. If these animals are properly ranched, the wastes collected and processed over 10,000 Megawatts of electricity will be generated as well from these animals.
“From these analysis, it is obvious that the solution to epileptic power supply we encounter is within our reach. By end of this year or latest 2018 first quarter, I hope to develop most efficient means of running cars fully on urine. The research is ongoing and I have no doubt what a determined mind can achieve.”
“We have also put up another plant (digester) that converts solid biodegradable wastes to biomethane. These plants are located somewhere in Abuja outskirt. In the plant we have been able to generate and use the produced gases to cook for long times and to power generators.”
Nwosu, who is a graduate of Pure and Industrial Chemistry from Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (NAU), Anambra State with Masters of Science degree in Organic Chemistry from the University of Ibadan (UI), Oyo State said that he is hopeful that some of the private firms and donor agencies his team has written to will respond positively so that they can make this technology available in homes, hospitals, prisons and others.