First Aid Tips: How to Treat Electric Shock in Children

Generally, children are very playful and as such, It’s possible for your baby to get an electric shock from household appliances or from electric sockets in your home. This can be very serious. If your baby has been electrocuted, they may become unresponsive or have an electrical burn.

The danger from an electrical shock depends on the type of current, how high the voltage is, how the current traveled through the body, the person’s overall health and how quickly the person is treated. A low voltage of 240 volts is found in the home.

An electrical shock may cause burns, or it may leave no visible mark on the skin. In either case, an electrical current passing through the body can cause internal damage, cardiac arrest or other injury. Under certain circumstances, even a small amount of electricity can be fatal.

Also Read: How to Prevent Electrical Burns and Fires in the Home

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What to do – low-voltage electrocution

Start by performing the primary survey. Remember DR ABC – Disconnect, Response, Airway, Breathing, Circulation:

1.Disconnect: if your baby is still in contact with the electrical current, turn off the source of electricity – switch off the current at the mains or remove the plug. Alternatively, use something non-metal to break the contact with electricity, such as a wooden broom handle. Once you are sure the contact with the electricity has been broken, check your baby’s response.

  1. Response: see if your baby reacts by gently tapping or flicking the sole of their foot. If they do not respond to you, they may be unresponsive. You need to open their airway and check their breathing.
  2. Airway: open the airway. Place a hand on the baby’s forehead and tilt the head back. Then lift the chin with your fingertip to open the airway.
  3. Breathing: check breathing – look for chest movement, listen for sounds and try to feel their breath.
  • • If they are breathing normally, hold them in the recovery position – cradle the baby in your arms with their head tilted downwards.
  • • If they are not breathing normally – keep the airway open and pick out any visible obstructions from their mouth, but do not sweep the mouth with your finger looking for obstructions.

 

  1. Circulation: if your baby is awake and alert, and breathing normally, check them for other injuries. Your baby may have received an electrical burn.

Apply a bandage. Cover any burned areas with a sterile gauze bandage, if available, or a clean cloth. Don’t use a blanket or towel, because loose fibers can stick to the burns.

  1. Call 767/112 for help, keep checking their breathing and response and prepare for CPR if they stop breathing normally.

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